Category Archives: Music in India

Discover music by reading the articles and listening to instruments.

Kanjira

Kanjira is a south Indian frame drum, is an instrument of the tambourine family. It is used primarily in concerts of Carnatic music (South Indian classical music) as a supporting instrument for the mridangam. The kanjira is a comparatively recent … Continue reading

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Bansuri

Bansuri is a side-blown flute invented in this century by Pannalal Ghosh in Northern India. It is made of single-jointed, thin-walled bamboo and is tuned to an untempered chromatic scale. Ghosh created the modern bansuri by adding a seventh finger … Continue reading

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Saranda

Guru Arjan Dev (1563-1606), fifth Sikh Guru, was a master musician and musicologist. He had a great passion for folk music, and looking at his contribution to the musical heritage of India, we see a huge line up which is … Continue reading

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Pungi

A sruti instrument that is used in India for snake charming also called Been. The pungi is made of bottle gourd, which has been dried (resembling the shape of a light bulb). Two holes are made, one at the top and … Continue reading

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Sarangi

A very common Indian classical music instrument and comes in many varieties. Sarangi is a gut stringed instrument that is carved in a single piece of wood. The Sarangi’s neck is fretless and the bridge is seated on a skin … Continue reading

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Mridang

Khol also called Mridang, is a folk drum of northeast India.  It has a body made of clay, a very small head on the right side (approximately 4 inches), and a larger head on the left side (approximately 10 inches).  … Continue reading

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Manjira

A traditional percussion instrument of India. In its simplest form it is a pair of small hand cymbals. It is also known as manjeera, tala, jalra, khartàl or kartàl. They often accompany folk or devotional music. It is used in various … Continue reading

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Handkartal

The kartal is also known as khartal. This too is an ancient instrument. It has always been a favourite with saints and seers. Even today we find the kartal being used in temples and gurdwaras. According to S Bandhopadhyaya in … Continue reading

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Shehnai

The shehnai is a north Indian oboe.  Although it is referred to as a double-reeded instrument it is actually a quadruple-reed instrument.  This is because it has two upper reeds and two lower reeds.  The instrument has a wooden body … Continue reading

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Veena

Veena is a plucked stringed instrument used in Carnatic music. There are several variations of the veena, which in its South Indian form is a member of the lute family. There are several variations of the veena, which in its South … Continue reading

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