A sruti instrument that is used in India for snake charming also called Been. The pungi is made of bottle gourd, which has been dried (resembling the shape of a light bulb). Two holes are made, one at the top and one at the bottom. At the top of the gourd (the large round part of the light bulb), a piece of reed or marsh plant with a ½ inch diameter and a length of 2 ½ inches are stuck into the top hole. This reed or marsh plant is called the jivala, which resembles a flute. The jivala is seven inches long with seven holes along its shaft. After this is made, there is an upper flap that is cut into the node. The jivala is fitted with beeswax to resemble a flute. This is then fitted tightly in the upper hole of the light bulb shaped gourd. One can get a high and low tone from the pungi by adjusting the control of the beeswax, closing the hole of the jivala will get a low tone, opening the holes of the jivala will get a high tone.
Watch playing Pungi on youtube.com here.
Content taken from www2.seasite.niu.edu.