A very common Indian classical music instrument and comes in many varieties.
Sarangi is a gut stringed instrument that is carved in a single piece of wood.
The Sarangi’s neck is fretless and the bridge is seated on a skin stretched over the body of the instrument. Although the basic concept of the Sarangi does not change, the shape, tuning and the number of strings is seldom the same from one school to another, or even from one generation to another in the same school (gharana).
Most of the Sarangis have 3 playing strings, played with the cuticle of the index and the major fingers of the left hand, 1 bronze rhythm string that is tuned on the high tonic (SA), 11 sympathetic strings placed on two flat bridges near the pegs tuned on the notes of the raga, and at least 24 sympathetic strings tuned on all the shrutis of two octaves.
The Sarangi’s playing strings are played with a bow (different from the violin bow, the tension is convex and adaptative) held in the right hand. Sarangi is played solo and/or often accompanies khyal singers.
Watch playing Sarangi on youtube.com here.
Content taken from www.buckinghammusic.com